Developed for the CSO by the University of Köln, the Array Acousto Optic Spectrometer (AOS5) is available with the 345 GHz and 650 GHz narrow band sidecab receivers, the wide band 345 GHz receiver (Barney), and the 850 GHz receiver. It is used with an IF processor developed at the CSO.
The AOS5 is an array of four individual AOS sections. Each section, 1 GHz wide and centered at 2.1 GHz, has a 2048 channel CCD, of which about 1600 channels are illuminated.
|Sub band width||4 x 1000 MHz|
|Channels||4 x 1600|
|Channel spacing||650 kHz (0.85 km s-1 at 230 GHz)|
|Effective resolution||1000 kHz (1.3 km s-1 at 230 GHz)|
TELESCOPE identifiers in the CLASS headers for the four sections are
CSO AOS5 IF1,
CSO AOS5 IF2,
CSO AOS5 IF3, and
CSO AOS5 IF.
UIP> SPECTROMETER /AOS5 /RESTART
will start AOS5. The
/RESTART option initializes the synthesizers and the attenuators in the IF processor.
This option must be used the first time the AOS5 is selected and subsequently whenever a different receiver is selected.
If one of the wideband receivers is in use, all four AOS sections are active and displayed in the AOS5 window. If a narrowband receivers is in use, only the AOS section 3 is active.
The sub band center frequencies, usually 4.5, 5.5, 6.5 and 7.5 GHz with the wide band receivers, may be shifted to provide overlap. For example,
UIP> SPECTROMETER /AOS5 0.1 0.033 -0.033 -0.1
will place the center frequencies at 4.6, 5.533, 6.466, and 7.4 GHz. Then the IF coverage will be 4.1-7.9 GHz and there will be 66 MHz overlap between each section.
The IF processor has two input ports for wideband (4-8 GHz IF ) receivers and one input port for narrowband (1-2 GHz IF) receivers. It includes an IF matrix switch to select the input port, dark frame switches and 100 MHz comb signals for each input, and power amplifiers and attenuators for each of four output ports.
With the wideband Cassegrain receiver, Barney, the 4-8 GHz IF band is split into four 1 GHz wide sub bands, centered at 4.5±0.1, 5.5±0.1, 6.5±0.1 and 7.5±0.1 GHz. These sub bands are then down converted and fed to the individual AOS sections.
With one of the narrowband receivers, either the 345 GHz and 650 GHz sidecab receivers or the 850 GHz receiver, the 1-2 GHz IF band is up converted to 6-7 GHz by the IF processor and fed to AOS section 3. This signal is also sent to FFTS1.
The power supply voltages may be verified through test points on the front panel. If any of these voltages is significantly lower than its nominal value, the power supply must be restarted. If the problem persists, shut down the system and contact the CSO staff. Please turn off the power supply at the end of observing.
The synthesizers, attenuators, and RF switches in the IF processor are controlled by a computer (rtlinux) colocated in the AOS5 rack. This computer also controls the AOS5 and chopping secondary mirror. Please leave this computer running all the time.
Optionally, the IF processor status may be monitored from the control computer (kilauea) with a program called
ADJUST_ATTNcommand or any other commands, such as
CALIBRATE, adjust the attenuators automatically. For example:
UIP> DB 63
UIP> DB /AOS5 /ADD 1
UIP> CALIBRATE /NOATTENUATOR
ATT4macros. When a strong spur is present within a certain sub band, a majority of CCD pixels in that sub band can grossly be under-illuminated after the ADJUST_ATTN command. The attenuation of the affected subband can manually be reduced at the expense of some additional unusable channels near the spur (due to saturation of CCD pixels). The following procedure is an example of how to set the attenuators when there is a spur in the fourth subband:
UIP> ATT4 10
UIP> DB /AOS5 /ADD 1
CHOP_SLEWYcycle is started. For the same reason, the choice of OTF integration time (determined by cell size and scan speed) is more restrictive for the AOS5.